A

  • ABC-Certified Practitioner

    An American Board for Certification (ABC) Certified Practitioner is someone who has successfully completed requirements prescribed by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics Inc.

  • Abduction

    Occurs when you move one of your limbs away from the median, or midline, of your body.

  • Above Elbow Prosthesis (AEP)

    An Above the Elbow (AEP) is a prosthesis used in amputations that occur above the elbow (ex: hand, forearm and elbow, above the elbow).

  • Above Knee Prosthesis (AKP)

    An Above the Knee Prosthesis (AKP) is a prosthesis used in amputations or congenital absences above the knee joint level (ex: foot, ankle, shin and thigh).

  • Accreditation

    A form of recognition by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics Inc. signifying that an organization has satisfactorily complied with all applicable standards.

  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law that was passed in 1990 and prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, public services and accommodations, and telecommunications.

  • Ankle Orthosis (AO)

    Used in the treatment of disorders only involving the ankle.

  • Ankle/Foot Orthosis (AFO)

    Used for the treatment of disorders of the ankle and foot below the knee joint.

  • Anterior

    The front of the body.

B

  • Bariatric Products

    Special products designed to support a weight capacity of 300 pounds (or more) for people who need the extra support. Examples of bariatric products include bariatric chairs and bariatric beds – both of which are designed to reduce the chance of lifting injury to the caregiver while also offering maximum support and safety to the patient.

    Below Elbow Prosthesis (BEP)

    A prosthesis used for amputations involving the hand or forearm below the elbow.

    Below Knee Prosthesis (BKP)

    A prosthesis used for amputations involving the foot and ankle below the knee.

    Bi-PAP

    Sometimes referred to as a BPAP, a Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure or Bi-Pap is a non-invasive form of therapy aimed at patients who suffer from sleep apnea. The device works by providing delivering air to the lungs at two levels of pressure, either cyclically in an anaesthetized patient or triggered by the patient’s attempts at breathing when awake.

    Bili Light

    A type of light therapy or phototherapy that is used to treat jaundice in newborns. Jaundice, a yellow coloring of the skin and eyes, is caused by too much bilirubin. Bili lights emit a specific type of wavelength that breaks down bilirubin into a form that the body can get rid of.

    Bowden Cable Control

    A prostheses that is controlled by using a combination of shoulder and arm movements with the movement of a mechanical prosthetic component.

C

  • Cane

    A device used for supporting weight, improving balance, and reducing fatigue. Canes come in different, adjustable heights and sizes – from travel canes that fold up to quad canes, which feature four legs for greater stability.

    Cerebral Palsy

    A congenital, neuromuscular disorder that impairs muscle coordination, muscle tone, or posture. Cerebral Palsy may also refer to other disabilities caused by damage to the brain before or at the time of birth.

    Certification

    An official document given by the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics Inc. stating that an eligible organization satisfactorily complies with all applicable patient management standards.

    Cervical Orthosis (CO)

    A orthosis used in the treatment of disorders involving the cervical spine.

    Cervical/Thoracic Orthosis (CTO)

    A orthosis used in the treatment of disorders involving the cervical and/or thoracic spine.

    Cervical/Thoracic/Lumbosacral Orthosis (CTLSO)

    A orthosis used in the treatment of disorders involving the cervical, thoracic and/or lumbosacral spine.

    CHF

    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) occurs when the heart is unable to maintain adequate circulation of blood in the tissues of the body or is unable to pump out the venous blood returned to it by the venous circulation.

    Child/Junior Wheelchair

    A wheelchair designed specifically for children and/or young adults. These types of kid-friendly wheelchairs are typically adaptable to classroom environments and be “friendly looking" to help children fit more readily into social situations.

    Circumduction

    Sometimes referred to as “circular movement,”, circumduction is the circular or conical motion of a limb that is created when the movements of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction are sequentially performed.

    Commode3-in-1

    A 3-in-1 commode is an FDA registered portable commode that is aimed at people with musculoskeletal or neuromuscular limitations. It serves three purposes. It can be used by a patient’s bedside as a standalone commode. The height can be adjusted, and it can be placed over a toilet. Finally, the armrests on the frame add stability when getting on or off of the toilet.

    Compression Stocking

    Specialized socks or stockings/hosiery designed to prevent or slow the progression of venous disorders, such as: phlebitis, thrombosis, and edema. Available in a wide variety of sizes and compression strengths and different applications, such as sports and travel.

    Continuing Education

    Education that goes above and beyond the initial professional experience/preparation. Continuing education is specific to the industry and discipline of a particular individual.  

    Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Device

    Is a type of machine used to move a person’s joint without the patient having to use effort. Most commonly, CPM devices are used on knee joints but are available for synovial joints (hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, wrist, and TMJ) following surgery or trauma.

    COPD

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an umbrella term used to describe any number of chronic respiratory diseases, including: emphysema, bronchitis and asthma. Currently, COPD is treatable but incurable.

    CPAP

    Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or CPAP is a form of positive airway pressure ventilator that keeps the airways continuously open in individuals who suffer from sleep apnea and other disorders in which they are unable to breathe spontaneously on their own.

    Credentialing

    The verification of an individual’s education, training and experience from other reputable sources.

    Crutch

    A device placed under the armpit, used to offer support to a person to  help them walk more easily. Crutches range in size and are lightweight and easy to adjust for added stability.

    Custom Designed Prosthesis

    Prostheses (prosthetics) are artificial body parts, such as a leg or arm, that are custom made from an anatomical positive model of an individual’s residual limb and in accordance with anatomical measurements of the sound limb.

    Custom Fitted Orthoses

    An orthosis (orthoses = plural) refers to an externally applied device that is designed to custom fit to your body to help with issues ranging from:

    •    Body alignment
    •    Providing support for an injury
    •    Assisting in rehabilitation
    •    Reducing pain
    •    Increasing mobility

    Cylinders (Tanks)

    Available in various sizes. Carrying cases or carts are used for the different size tanks:

    M2 Oxygen Tank – Weighs less than 2 pounds and only 7.9 inches in length, and is the smallest aluminum oxygen cylinder in the world. This oxygen tank can supply up to two hours of oxygen and is easy to transport.

    M4 Oxygen Tank – Weighs under 3 pounds and is only 12 inches in length. This cylinder can supply up to 7 hours of oxygen and is easy to transport.

    M6 Oxygen Tank –The M6 cylinder is less than 15 inches in length and weighs only 3 pounds and can supply up to 10 hours of oxygen. This oxygen tank weighs less than 4 pounds and is shorter and wider than the M6 cylinder. It can provide up to 10 hours of oxygen.

    M9 Oxygen Tank – A popular cylinder is a great balance between portability and oxygen supply duration. The M9 is less than 16 inches in length and weighs only 4.5 pounds yet can supply up to 14 hours of oxygen.

    Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

    A genetic and disorder that affects the exocrine glands, causing severe lung damage and nutritional deficiencies. Often life threatening, respiratory failure is the most dangerous consequence of CF. Each year approximately 3,200 white babies are born in the United States with CF with the majority of babies diagnosed by age 3.

D

  • Diabetes

    A disease in which blood glucose levels are above average. There are two types of diabetes – Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.

    Type 1 diabetes:

    A form of diabetes (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes) that develops during childhood or the teen years and is characterized by a severe deficiency of insulin. Also referred to as juvenile diabetes.

    Type 2 diabetes:

    Also known as adult-onset diabetes, this common form of diabetes mostly affects adults and obese individuals. It is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the body’s inability to compensate with increased insulin production.

    Diabetic Supplies

    Items that allow a diabetic person to test their blood glucose levels.

    Diplegia

    Paralysis of both your upper and lower extremities, with the lower extremities more severely affected.

    Distal

    Refers to something that is located farther away from the attached end of a limb.

    Dorsal Surface

    The back of your hand or top of the foot.

    Dorsiflexion

    Bending the wrist so the back of the hand points toward the forearm; bending the ankle so the foot points upward.

    Dual Control

    A split or dual bowden cable and housing system used for actuation of a single component or control action.

E

  • Edema

    Also known as swelling, edema occurs when excess fluid fills the tissue spaces.

    Elbow Disarticulation Prosthesis (EDP)

    A prosthesis used for amputations of the hand or forearm through the elbow joint.

    Elbow Orthosis (EO)

    A orthosis used for the treatment of disorders only involving the elbow.

    Electric Powered Component

    An electric powered elbow, wrist, hand, or hook component used to provide controlled positioning for functional use when designing of a prosthetic.

    EMG – Electromyogram

    Monitoring electrical impulses that are released during voluntary or involuntary muscle contractions.

    Endoskeletal Prosthesis

    A prosthetic designed with internal supporting structural components.

    Environmental Control Unit

    Allows you to remotely electronic devices in your immediate surroundings. Example: A person can turn on lights, the radio, TV, etc.

    Eversion

    The outward rotation of the sole of the foot so that it faces away from the midline of the body.

    Exoskeletal Prostheses

    A prosthetic designed with a rigid external supporting structural shell.

    Extension

    Occurs when you extend or straighten a limb at a joint.

    Edema An excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissue spaces; commonly known as swelling.

  • Elbow Disarticulation Prosthesis (EDP)A prosthesis utilized for acquired amputations or congenital absences of the hand or forearm through the elbow joint.
  • Elbow Orthosis (EO)A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders only involving the elbow.
  • Elbow/Wrist/Hand Orthosis (EWHO)A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders of the elbow, wrist, hand, and/or fingers below the shoulder joint.
  • Electric Powered Component
  • An electric powered elbow, wrist, hand, or hook component utilized to provide controlled positioning for functional use in the design of a prostheses.
  • EMG – Electromyogram
  • The monitoring or assessment of electrical impulses that are released during voluntary or involuntary muscle contractions of muscles.
  • Endoskeletal Prosthesis
  • Prostheses designed with an internal supporting structural components.
  • Environmental Control Unit
  • Permit remote control of electronic devices in the immediate surroundings. A person can independently turn lights, radio, and television on and off, answer or initiate phone calls, and unlock a door. Essentially any aspect of the environment can be controlled depending upon the system’s complexity. For more information and products visit http://www.makoa.org/ecu.htm.
  • Eversion
  • The outward rotation of the plantar surface, or sole, of the foot so that it faces away from the median, or midline, of the body.
  • Exoskeletal Prostheses
  • Prostheses designed with a rigid external supporting structural shell.
  • Extension
  • The act of straightening a limb at a joint.

F

  • Fabric or Neoprene Orthoses

    Orthoses fabricated of cloth fabrics or neoprene as the primary materials.

    Facility

    The professional office that a practitioner uses to see/treat patients with orthotic/prosthetic needs.

    Facio-Scapulo-Humeral Muscular Dystrophy

    The second most common type of muscular dystrophy; it usually occurs in adolescent females and males.

    Flexion

    The act of bending a limb at a joint to form an angle.

    Foot Orthosis (FO)

    An orthosis used for treating disorders of the foot below the ankle joint.

G

  • Genu Recurvatum

    Condition in which you have hyperextended your knee.

    Genu Valgum

    Also known as ‘knock-knee’.

    Genu Varum

    Also referred to as bowlegs.

H

  • Hand Orthosis (HO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders of the hand and/or fingers below the wrist joint.

    Helios Portable Oxygen System and Reservoir

    Encourages an active lifestyle for long-term oxygen therapy patients. Small, lightweight, and long-lasting -no tubes, heavy canisters or batteries are required.

    Hemipelvectomy Prosthesis (HP)

    A prosthesis used in amputations or congenital absences of the complete leg involving the pelvis, hip, foot, shin, ankle and thigh.

    Hemiplegia

    Paralysis on the upper and lower extremities on the same side, and half the trunk of the body.

    Hepatitis C HCV

    An inflammation of the liver causing soreness and swelling. Usually transmitted through contact with infected blood, most commonly by sharing needles during intravenous drug use, or getting a blood transfusion before 1992. The virus stays in their liver and causes chronic liver inflammation.

    Hip Disarticulation Prosthesis (HDP)

    A prosthesis used in amputations or congenital absences of the complete leg involving the foot, ankle, shin and thigh at the hip joint level.

    Hip Orthosis (HO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders involving the hip.

    Hip/Knee/Ankle/Foot Orthosis (HKAFO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders of the hip, knee, ankle, and foot.

    Hospital Bed

    A bed that allows patients to be positioned with maximum safety in mind. There are three types of hospital beds available for the home: 1)Semi-Electric Beds 2)Manual Beds and 3) Full-Electric Beds.

    Hybrid Components

    A blend of mechanical, electric powered, and/or passive-mechanical, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand and/or hook components used in the design of the prostheses.

    Hybrid Control

    Prosthetic control techniques involving any combination of bowden cable, switch and/or myoelectric control methods in order to move a mechanical or electric powered prosthesis.

    Hybrid Design Concepts

    Prosthetic design concepts involving a variety of control techniques and components to optimize prosthetic function.

    Hyperextension

    When you over extend an extremity beyond its anatomical position.

    Hypertension

    Blood pressure greater than or equal to 140/90 mmHg.

I

  • Institutional/Nursing Home/Depot Wheelchair

    Designed for institutional use only, such as transporting patients in hospitals or nursing homes.

    Inversion

    The inward rotation of the sole of the foot so that it faces toward the midline of the body.

J

  • No matching entries

K

  • Knee Disarticulation Prosthesis (KDP)

    A prosthesis used for amputations or congenital absences of the foot, ankle and shin at the knee joint level.

    Knee Orthosis (KO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders involving the knee.

    Knee/Ankle/Foot Orthosis (KAFO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders of the foot, ankle and knee, just below the hip joint.

    Kyphosis

    Exaggerated backward (posterior) curvature in the thoracic region.

L

  • Lateral (External) Rotation

    Also known as external rotation – involves rotating a body part away from the middle of the body.

    Lifts/Seating System

    A system involving power lift chairs that gently move a person to various standing, seated, or reclined positions.

    Lightweight/Sports Wheelchair

    Used most frequently by people with good upper body mobility. Lightweight wheelchairs provide maximum independent movement with minimum effort.

    Liquid Oxygen System

    An oxygen tank system consisting of a large tank and two portable units – used as needed for travel outside of the home.

    Lordosis

    Exaggerated forward curvature in the lumbar or cervical regions of the body.

    Lumbosacral Orthosis (LSO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders involving the lumbosacral spine.

M

  • Mastectomy Prosthesis (MP)

    A prosthesis used for complete surgical removal or congenital absence of one or both breasts.

    Mechanical Components

    Components controlled by using shoulder and arm movements harnessed within a bowden cable control system for the movement of the components used in the design of the prostheses.

    Medial (Internal) Rotation

    Rotating a body part toward the midline of the body.

    Median Plane

    The vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves.

    Metal & Leather Orthoses

    Orthoses made of metal and leather as the primary materials in the design.

    Molded Plastic & Metal Orthoses

    Orthoses made of thermoplastic or thermoset resin plastics and metal joints.

    Monoplegia

    Paralysis of one extremity.

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

    A chronic, and often debilitating disease that affects your brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).

    Muscular Dystrophy

    A group of rare inherited muscle diseases in which muscle fibers are unusually susceptible to damage, making them progressively weaker. There are many forms of muscular dystrophy, but the 3 most common types are Duchenne, facioscapulohumeral, and myotonic.

    Musculoskeletal

    Pertains to the muscles and skeleton.

    Myoelectric Control

    A prosthetic control technique that uses skin surface EMG muscle potentials to activate and move an electric powered prosthetic component.

N

  • Nebulizer

    A type of inhaler that provides a fine mist of medication to the lungs when the individual breathes in the medicated mist through a mouthpiece or mask attached to the nebulizer device. Nebulizers help relax the airways so that more air can move in and out of the lungs.

    Necrosis

    Cellular or tissue death within the living body (Example: gangrene).

    Negative Pressure Wound Therapy

    Also known as wound V.A.C therapy, this FDA-approved device uses negative pressure through a controlled suction to close large wounds and promote faster healing in patients when traditional dressing changes are not effective.  

O

  • Orthosis

    Custom designed anatomical devices applied externally on the human body and intended to provide support of disorders associated with neuromuscular and/or musculoskeletal dysfunctions.

    Orthotics

    The practice and science of providing orthotic rehabilitation engineering services for the purpose of restoring specific neuromuscular and/or musculoskeletal disorders of the human body.

    Orthotist

    A health practitioner specially trained to provideorthotic services at the direction of, and in consultation with, a licensed practicing physician.

    Osteoporosis

    A disease in which there is a loss in bone density and quality of bone are reduced, leading to weakness of the skeleton and increased risk of fracture, particularly of the hip, pelvis, spine, wrist, and upper arm.

    Ostomy Supplies

    A one-piece or two-piece pouch system that attaches to the abdomen by the faceplate/flange and is fitted over and around the stoma to collect the diverted output, either stool or urine.

    One-piece Pouching System

    An ostomy pouch and skin barrier that are applied and removed together – in one piece.

  • Two-piece Pouching System

    An ostomy pouch and skin barrier that are separate. Because it is separate from the pouch, the skin barrier can be more easily positioned around the stoma.

P

  • Palmar (Volar) Flexion

    Bending the wrist so that the palmar surface of the hand points toward the forearm.

    Palmar (Volar) Surface

    Also referred to as the volar surface, the palmar surface is the front, or palm, of the hand.

    Paralysis

    Occurs when you lose complete ability to control muscular activity in various locations of your body.

    Paraplegia

    Paralysis that occurs in one-half of the body, especially the lower body.

    Parkinsons Disease

    A chronic and progressive movement disorder that occurs when a group of cells in the substantia nigra part of the brain begin to malfunction and eventually die. Characterized by tremors, limb stiffness, slow movement, and/or impaired balance and coordination.

    Partial Foot Prosthesis (PFP)

    A prosthesis used in amputations or congenital absences of the foot and/or toes below the ankle.

    Partial Hand Prosthesis (PHP)

    A prosthesis used for amputations or congenital absences of the hand and/or fingers below the wrist.

    Partial Mastectomy Prosthesis (PMP)

    Partial surgical removal or congenital absence of the breast.

    Passive Control

    Prostheses controlled by using pre-positioning of a manually operated friction, free motion, or locking type joint for the actuation and movement of a mechanical prosthetic component.

    Passive/Mechanical Components

    Mechanical components with friction or positive locking joints controlled by manual positioning or semi-functional use of the components used in the design of a prostheses.

    Patient Lifts

    Assist in safely transferring patients from a seated to standing position or from one location to another.

    Pediatric Nebulizer

    A special breathing device designed for use by infants/children to make breathing easier. It is used as directed by your doctor.

    Pedorthics

    The practice and science of providing pedorthic rehabilitation engineering services related to the design, manufacture, modification and fit of shoes and foot orthoses to alleviate foot problems caused by disease, congenital defect, overuse or injury.

    Pedorthist

    A health practitioner specifically trained in providing pedorthic services at the direction of, and in consultation with, a licensed practicing physician.

    Pes (Talipes) Valgus

    Also referred to as talipes valgus, pes valgus is an acquired deformity where the weight is borne on the inner border of the foot and the sole is turned outward.

    Pes (Talipes) Varus

    Also referred to as talipes varus, pes varus is a deformity in which the weight is borne on the outer border of the foot and the sole of the foot is turned inward.

    Pes Calcaneus

    A condition where the ankle is dorsiflexed and the toes are elevated, causing the weight to be borne primarily on the heel.

    Pes Cavus

    The exaggerated height of the longitudinal arch of the foot.

    Pes Equinus

    A condition where the ankle is plantar flexed and the heel is elevated, causing the weight to be borne primarily on the toes.

    Pes Planus (Planovalgus)

    Also referred to as planovalgus and more commonly known as flatfoot, pes planus is a condition where the foot looks flat and is almost always bent outward.

    Phototherapy

    Also known as a bili light, phototherapy is used to help infants with jaundice, a yellow coloring of the skin and eyes related to abnormal liver function.

    Plantar Flexion

    Bending the ankle so the foot points downward.

    Plantar Surface

    The bottom, or sole, of the foot.

    Portable E-Tank

    Are portable tanks requiring a key to turn the tank on/off. These tanks are used for transport and must be replaced when empty.

    Portable Lifting Cushion

    A pneumatic lift that gently raises you up to an almost standing position using a portable cusion that weighs approximately 9 pounds.

    Portable Oxygen System

    A system that provides individuals with a convenient, lightweight supply of oxygen.

    Position Servo Pull-Switch Control

    A single linear type pull-switch used for actuation of two opposing functions of an electric powered component allowing proportional control of speed, force and positioning.

    Posterior

    The back of the body.

    Powered Wheelchair

    A type of automatic wheelchair that assists individuals who have physical disabilities and/or mobility issues.

    Powered Wheelchair Armrest

    Arm rests that are specially designed for power wheelchairs – available in several styles or with a combination of features.

    Powered Wheelchair Battery

    The type of battery that helps to power an automatic/power wheelchair. A determining factor in the range and power of a powered chair. Generally, the larger the chair’s batteries, the greater the power and the longer the chair’s range between charges. Many chairs require two rechargeable 12-volt batteries.

    Powered Wheelchair Brakes

    A dynamic braking system in which the motor and brakes work together to slow and stop the power chair when the joystick or other controller is released, and which automatically engages the brakes when the power is off or when the chair is not being powered in a forward or reverse motion with the controller.

    Powered Wheelchair Controls

    Generally included as a standard feature a manually controlled joystick to regulate a power chair’s speed and direction.

    Powered Wheelchair Drive System

    The means by which power is delivered to the chair’s wheels. Standard drive systems include gear drive, direct drive, and belt drive. The type of drive system affects the power available to propel the chair and the amount and type of maintenance the chair requires.

    Powered Wheelchair Footrest

    A variety of footrest assemblies available on power wheelchairs.  Footrests vary and may include folding, flip-up, detachable, adjustable length, hemi- height, or have a combination of features.

    Powered Wheelchair Frame

    Frames that are specific to power wheelchairs, ranging from the traditional cross-brace frame to other traditional models.

    Powered Wheelchair Seating System

    Special seating system, custom to power wheelchairs and sold separately from the wheelchairs themselves, as seating must be chosen on an individual basis.

    Powered Wheelchair Special Power Features

    Specialized features to meet the power wheelchair user’s needs, either as customization or options on a standard chair or as a chair designed specifically for a particular purpose.

    Powered Wheelchair Upholstery

    Upholstery that is custom designed and fit to power wheelchairs. Many manufacturers also offer a selection of upholstery colors, ranging from black to neon, to allow for individual selection and differing tastes among consumers.

    Powered Wheelchair Wheels/Tires

    Wheels, usually 8 to 10 inches in diameter, used on power chairs. These chairs may have pneumatic, semi-pneumatic, or solid tires.

    Pre-Fabricated Orthosis

    An orthosis which is pre-made in general anatomical sizes, ie. small, medium, and large. Pre-fabricated orthoses are fitted to the affected limb or spine to control mild neuromuscular and/or musculoskeletal disorders, or for the purpose of evaluating the need for a custom designed orthosis.

    Pre-Fabricated Prostheses

    Prostheses are not pre-made in general anatomical sizes except for a temporary residual limb interface used in the design for a preparatory prosthesis.

    Pronation

    The movement of the forearm so that the hand rests palm down on a surface.

    Prosthesis

    Custom designed and/or fitted anatomical devices applied externally to the human body for the purpose of restoring congenital and/or acquired neuromuscular and musculoskeletal dysfunctions of the human body associated with the complete or partial absence of a limb.

    Prosthetics

    The practice and science of providing prosthetic rehabilitation engineering services for the purpose of restoring neuromuscular and musculoskeletal functions of the human body associated with the congenital and/or acquired absence of a limb.

    Prosthetist

    A health practitioner specifically trained in providing prosthetic services at the direction of, and in consultation with, a licensed practicing physician.

    Protraction

    The forward movement of a body part such as the shoulder.

    Proximal

    A structure that is located closer to the attached end of a limb.

    Pseudohypertrophic Muscular Dystrophy

    Also referred to as Duchenne’s Disease – is the most common type of muscular dystrophy. It is a childhood muscular dystrophy which displays a false athletic-type enlargement created by extensive fatty deposits in the degenerating calf and shoulder.

    Pull-Switch Control

    Dual micro-switches used for momentary actuation of two functions of an electric powered component with a pulling motion or of multiple functions with multiple switches and components.

    Push Button Switch Control

    A single micro-switch used for momentary actuation of a single function of an electric powered component with a pushing motion or of multiple functions with multiple switches and components.

Q

Quadriplegia (Tetraplegia)

Also referred to as tetraplegia, quadriplegia is paralysis of all four extremities and the trunk.

R

  • Ramp

    Refers to the ramps for wheelchairs and scooters. Ramps come in different styles – from portable ramps that roll up for easy storage/carrying to automatic ramps and more.

    Referral Sources

    Individuals or organizations that are qualified to refer a patient for orthotic/prosthetic treatment.

    Residual Limb

    The portion of the limb that remains after amputation.

    Retraction

    When a part of the body is moved backwards, such as the shoulder.

    Rocker Switch Control

    Dual micro-switches used for two functions of an electric powered component with a rocker motion or of multiple functions with multiple switches and components.

    Rotation

    Occurs when you rotate a body part in a circular motion (ex: rolling your neck in circles).

S

  • Sacral Orthosis (SO)

    A orthosis utilized for the treatment of disorders only involving the sacrum.

    Scapular-Thoracic Prosthesis (STP)

    A prosthesis used in amputations or congenital absences of the complete arm involving the shoulder through the scapular-thoracic juncture, and hand area.

    Scoliosis

    Refers to the outward curvature of the spine in the thoracic and/or lumbar regions.

    Scooter

    A device similar to a wheelchair that is motorized and used to help those who have physical disabilities or other mobility challenges. Typically, scooter users have some ability to walk, but are limited in distance or stamina.

    Scooter Accessories

    Scooter accessories include items such as crutch and cane holders, oxygen carriers, front and rear baskets, trailers, headlights, tail lights, horns, canopies, and others. Some manufacturers even offer sidecars to allow an additional passenger.

    Scooter Armrest

    Special armrests that are custom designed to scooters. These include fixed armrests as well as armrests that move/flip-up.

    Scooter Base Unit

    Refers to the body of the scooter and generally consists of a steel, aluminum, or composite frame with a fiberglass or composite floor to support the feet and batteries.

    Scooter Battery

    Refers to the type of battery used to power a scooter. Most scooters utilize 12- or 24-volt motors and electrical systems generally with one or two 12-volt batteries to power the drive train and controls.

    Scooter Brakes

    A type of braking system specific to scooters and usually using an electronic or electro-mechanical dynamic, regenerative braking system. Some scooters–usually front-wheel drive models–are not equipped with electronic or electro-mechanical brakes. In the absence of a brake system, a manual parking brake applied by lever to a rear wheel is provided.

    Scooter Drive Train, Brakes and Power System

    The drive train of a scooter is an integral part of the base unit and provides either front- or rear- wheel drive for the scooter. Front-wheel drive is usually found on smaller scooters designed primarily to be used indoors or outdoors on flat, paved surfaces. Rear-wheel drive scooters are powered by motors connected to the rear axle, either via a chain, a belt, a transaxle unit, or some combination.

    Scooter Seating

    Seating that is specially designed for scooters – usually comprised of molded hard plastic or fiberglass. However, most manufacturers offer a padded-seat option, usually with a choice of vinyl or fabric upholstery.

    Scooter Tiller

    The control and steering mechanism for the scooter, usually containing the controls to drive the scooter forward or in reverse, as well as steering the front wheel or wheels.

    Scooter Wheels/Tires

    Special tires custom designed and built for scooters, affecting the scooter’s ability to surmount obstacles and its stability.

    Shoulder Disarticulation Prosthesis (SDP)

    A prosthesis used in amputations or congenital absences of the complete arm involving the shoulder joint, upper arm, hand, forearm, or elbow.

    Shoulder Orthosis (SO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders involving the shoulder.

    Shoulder/Elbow/Wrist/Hand Orthosis (SEWHO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, and/or fingers.

    Single Control

    A single bowden cable and housing system used for actuation of a single component or control action.

    Single Site – Single Functional Control

    A single EMG muscle potential site used for proportional or digital actuation of a single function of an electric powered component with a single myoelectric control processor.

    Single Site – Two Function Control

    A single EMG muscle potential site used for proportional or digital actuation of two opposing functions of an electric powered component with a dual control myoelectric control processor.

    Sleep Apnea

    A chronic medical condition where the affected person repeatedly stops breathing during sleep, causing oxygen levels in the blood to drop. Sleep apnea can be caused by obstruction of the upper airway, resulting in Obstructive Sleep Apnea, or by a failure of the brain to initiate a breath, called Central Sleep Apnea.

    Specialty Wheelchair

    A wheelchair that is specially designed with the user’s mobility needs in mind. Ranging from oversized chairs to rugged and aerodynamic chairs and more.

    Spina Bifida

    A congenital malformation of the vertebral column in which a portion of the bony spine remains separated in two sections.

    Standard/Everyday Wheelchair

    One of the most commonly used wheelchairs, characterized by a cross-brace frame, built-in or removable arm rests, swing-away footrests, a mid- to high-level back, and push handles to allow non-occupants to propel the chair.

    Supination

    The movement of the forearm so that the hand rests palm up on a surface.

    Switch Control

    A prosthetic that is controlled by using shoulder and arm movements for the actuation and movement of an electric powered prosthetic component.

    Symes Prosthesis (SP)

    A prosthesis used in amputations of the foot and ankle just above the ankle joint.

T

  • T.E.N.S. Dual Channel Unit

    Refers to a small medical device that is slightly larger than a beeper and attaches to your pants or belt and helps alleviate pain when you wear it.

    T.E.N.S. Unit

    A device dispensed by doctors to their patients for home use to alleviate/stop pain. T.E.N.S. Units operate on a 9v. transistor battery and have small wires and pads that adhere to a painful area and alleviate pain.

    Talipes Equinovarus

    Commonly known as clubfoot. In this disorder the foot has a small, elevated heel; a broad twisted forefoot; and a curved outer border.

    Thoracic/Lumbosacral Orthosis (TLSO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders involving the thoracic and lumbosacral spine.

    Triple Control

    Multiple bowden cable and housing systems used for actuation of more than one component or control action.

    Triplegia

    Paralysis of any three extremities.

    Two Site – Five Function Myoelectric Control

    The use of two EMG muscle potential sites used for proportional or digital actuation of five functions of two electric powered hand, elbow and/or wrist components with a multi-functional control multiplex myoelectric processor. One of the five functions is used for mode switching between the two components being controlled.

    Two Site – Seven Functional Conrtol

    Dual EMG muscle potential sites used for proportional or digital actuation of seven functions of three electric powered hand, elbow and/or wrist components with a multi-functional control multiplex myoelectric processor. One of the seven functions is used for mode switching between the three components being controlled.

    Two Site – Two Function Myoelectric Control

    The use of dual EMG muscle potential sites used for proportional or digital actuation of two opposing functions of an electric powered component with a dual control myoelectric processor.

U

  • Urinary Incontinence

    The inability to control the passage of urine – ranging from occasional urine leakage to the complete inability to hold any urine.

    Urinary Pouching System

    Urostomates can use either one or two-piece systems. However, these systems also contain a special valve or spout which adapts to either a leg bag or to a night drain tube connecting to a special drainable bag or bottle.

V

  • Valgus

    A foot deformity in which the foot rotates and faces away from the midline of the body.

    Varus

    A foot deformity resulting in the inward rotation of the plantar surface, or sole, of the foot so that it faces toward the midline of the body.

    Ventilator

    An automatic mechanical/pneumatic device designed to help you breathe by reducing or providing the work required to move gas into and out of the lungs.

W

  • Walker

    Available in a variety of styles to meet individual needs. Folding, adjustable walkers can be easily transported in vehicles. Hemi-walkers allow for one-hand utilization. Wheeled walkers minimize lifting. Many accessories, such as walker trays, baskets or pouches are available.

    Wheelchair Armrest

    Armrests that are specially designed for wheelchairs and wheelchair users to help them with upper body balance while seated. Armrests are available in a variety of styles including flip-up, fixed, or detachable.

    Wheelchair Brakes

    Brakes or wheel locks are available in several different designs, and can be mounted at various heights to maximize convenience to the user.

    Wheelchair Footrest

    Footrests that are usually are incorporated into the frame of the wheelchair as part of the design. Wheelchair footrests vary and may swivel, flip up, and/or can be removed.

    Wheelchair Frame

    The two most common types of wheelchair frames currently available include rigid frame wheelchairs and the standard cross-brace wheelchair frame.

    Wheelchair Seating System

    Wheelchair seating is sold separately from the wheelchairs themselves, as seating must be chosen on an individual basis.

    Wheelchair Upholstery

    Ranges from cloth to new synthetic fabrics to leather. Many wheelchair manufacturers also offer a selection of upholstery colors to allow for individual selection among consumers.

    Wheelchair Wheels/Tires

    Most wheelchairs use four wheels, and many manufacturers now offer other types of tires–such as solid tires, semi-pneumatic, or radial tires–at extra cost.

    Wound V.A.C Therapy

    Also known as negative pressure wound therapy, this patented FDA-approved device uses negative pressure through a controlled suction to close large wounds and promote faster healing. It is recognized as an advanced line therapy alternative for patients when traditional dressing changes are not effective.

    Wrist Disarticulation Prosthesis (WDP)

    A prosthesis used for amputations or congenital absences of the hand or forearm through the wrist joint.

    Wrist Orthosis (WO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders only involving the wrist.

    Wrist/Hand Orthosis (WHO)

    A orthosis used to treat disorders of the wrist, hand, and/or fingers below the elbow joint.

X

  • No matching entries

Y

  • No matching entries

Z

  • No matching entries